Archive for the ‘05. Internet History’ Category

History of the Internet

November 21, 2007

Believe it or not, the Internet was actually created in 1958.  Perhaps even more fascinating, the Internet came to be because of Sputnik and the USSR’s space program.  The Sputnik robotic spacecraft missions’ success effectively triggered the foundation of the ARPA – the Advanced Research Project Agency – in the United States by President Dwight Eisenhower.  The ARPA then created the Information Processing Technology Office, or IPTO, a division that was headed by J. C. R. Licklider.  From his new post Licklider strongly “saw universal networking as a potential unifying human revolution” (Wikipedia). 

To undergo this vision, Licklider hired Lawrence Roberts to implement a country-wide communications network.  Joined by Paul Baron these three men went on to create a survivable network which was named APRANET.  APRANET was the predecessor to the Internet.  On October 29, 1969 APRANET interconnected between UCLA and SRI International in California – a date that is now remembered as “one of the “eve” networks of today’s internet” (Wikipedia).  From this moment on, APRANET’s network only blossomed.  By 1981 there were networks set up across Europe, Canada, Hong Kong, Australia, and of course the States. 

The first use of the term “Internet” to describe a single global TCP/IP network originated in December 1974.  However it was only in 1988 that networks were deemed open to commercial interests.  In 1990 APRANET was retired and made way to for bigger networks such as NSFNET and CSNET.  These networks were better capable of managing and began linking Universities and research facilities across the U.S and Europe, respectively.  From this point out the interest for the “web” exploded in the early 1990s, and led to the U.S Government’s decision to issue management to independent organizations beginning in 1995. 

Accordingly, the modern Internet was born.